Several Eastern Ontario towns and cities saw a population decrease.
Among the top 25 municipalities with populations over 5,000 located outside of census metropolitan areas with population decreases, 10 were located in the Atlantic provinces - seven in Nova Scotia and three in New Brunswick.
The national growth average was about 5 per cent.
In 2016, there are more than 1.1 million private dwellings in the Big Smoke, the data shows.
Scooch over a bit, Winnipeg's population is growing.
The fastest-growing neighbourhood in the region was Waterloo's university district - south of Columbia Street, east of the University of Waterloo, west of King Street and north of the uptown core.
Smiths Falls recorded a decrease of 2.2 per cent while Arnprior and Clarence-Rockland are surging in populations with increases of 8.4 per cent and 5.7 per cent respectively.
"There is strong growth in all three Prairie provinces".
"We are confident that the city is very well positioned to attract and accommodate expected growth projections based on provincial long-range planning population and employment forecasts", she said, noting that the city is preparing to release the final version of the municipality's official plan called Envisioning Our City 2041.
Guelph saw its population rise by slightly more than 10,000 people.
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Mississauga's population has increased about 1.1 per cent between the 2011 and 2016 census collection. That represents a 4.1 per cent increase in the past five years.
The growth wasn't quite as robust in Wellington County, where Erin led the way with a 6.2 per cent population increase.
The national census is conducted every five years.
But the quickest dwellings growth in the GTA was in Milton, at 26.7 per cent, which also saw the fastest population boost (30 per cent).
According to Hallman, we know from other sources that while births and deaths are now about equal in the province - though that is expected to change as the population continues to age - Nova Scotia is experiencing population loss to other provinces in Canada.
Elsewhere in Oxford County, Ingersoll added five per cent to its population, which now sits at 12,757, while populations rose by 4.2 per cent in East Zorra-Tavistock, 3.7 per cent in Tillsonburg, 3.6 per cent in Norwich, 1.6 per cent in South-West Oxford, one per cent in Zorra and 0.5 per cent in Blandford-Blenheim. That figure was below the national population growth rate of five per cent and the Ontario rate of 4.6 per cent. That province gained 421,918 residents between 2011 and 2016.
Winnipeg and the other CMAs make up another third (35.5 per cent) of the 35,151,728 people who reported living in Canada on Census day in 2016.
Castlegar's population increased by 223 people between 2011 and 2016, according to 2016 census statistics released by Statistics Canada on Wednesday.
Over the next year, Statistics Canada will release other data gleaned from the 2016 census, looking at everything from languages spoken across the country to education and income levels.
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