The bishops of Saskatchewan, Indigenous leaders and civic authorities have invited Pope Francis to visit the province in 2018 or '19 to offer an official apology.
"He reminded me that his entire life has been dedicated to supporting marginalized people in the world", Trudeau told reporters.
The commission included the demand for a papal apology - to survivors, their families and communities - as one of the 94 recommendations in its report on the dark history and legacy of residential schools. So the new potential for a papal apology gives a much-needed boost to the government as it tries to make headway on its Indigenous goals.
Since his election in 2013, Francis has apologized on behalf of the Church to victims of sexual assault, persecuted Protestants in northern Italy and indigenous peoples of South America for the complicity of The Church in their oppression during the colonial conquests.
A communique from the Holy See Press Office said their discussions were "cordial". "The parties then focused on the themes of integration and reconciliation, as well as religious freedom and current ethical events".
Trudeau met with The Pope at the Vatican on Sunday where they discussed reconciliation efforts between the Catholic Church and groups marginalized by Canada's residential schools. That statement of regret was accepted but it was not a full apology, Mr. Fontaine said.
In its report, the commission recommended the Catholic Church issue a formal apology for its part in the residential school system.
President Trump Says His Trip Saved 'Millions of Jobs.' That's Not True
Almost every nation that signed that 2015 accord, including six other G-7 members, has agreed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Trump tweeted earlier in the day that he would make a final decision next week on whether to withdraw from the climate pact.
The Anglican, Presbyterian and United churches, which also ran residential schools, have already apologized to the survivors.
Some 150,000 aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their families, and sent to live in church-run boarding schools where they were forbidden to speak their language or practise their own culture.
He added that he stressed to the pope "how he could help by issuing an apology".
A spokesperson said Trudeau had a private drink with former prime minister Matteo Renzi on Monday evening.
Mr. Trudeau said he thanked the Pope for his global leadership on the environment during their private discussions in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace.
The Pope gave Trudeau the gold medallion minted for the fourth year of his pontificate (2016-17), which features an "embrace" as "a symbol of forgiveness, joy and mutual acceptance", according to the Vatican's description.
Trudeau, who is Catholic, says he gave the Pope a set of rare Jesuit Relations books, as well as a Montagnais-French dictionary penned by a 17th-century French Jesuit.
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