While there have been regular confrontations between Indian and Chinese patrols in the disputed area, they have never resulted in this degree of physical violence seen on August 15.
When the Indian side staked claim to the area during negotiations in late 1990s, the Chinese army constructed a metal-top road and insisted it was part of Aksai Chin, which is under the latter's control, officials said.
Official authorities have repeatedly said such incidents should not have happened as these were not in the interest of either country.
The incident at Ladakh on August 15 highlights a general decline in border stability between India and China as various confidence-building measures have faltered in the aftermath of the Doklam standoff, which is now in its third month. "We should maintain peace and tranquility", foreign ministry spokesman Raveesh Kumar said at the weekend. While tensions between patrols are not uncommon, the incident on August 15, India's Independence Day, was described by Indian army sources as "unprecedented".
Such incursions and potential clashes are likely at vulnerable spots along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Himachal, Sikkim and Arunachal sectors.
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Following the Ladakh clash, local army commanders from India and China discussed the incident in a Border Personnel meeting.
The clash between Indian and Chinese troops at Ladakh was caught on camera.
The clash came nearly two months after a separate incident involving the Indian Army and the PLA at Doklam, a piece of territory disputed between Bhutan and China, sparked a still-ongoing tense standoff there.
He did not confirm whether the incident involved stone pelting or use of rods, but emphasised that the incident should not be linked with what was happening in any other sector.
Beijing slammed has what it calls an "illegal" transgression by New Delhi into its "sovereign" territory and has demanded an unconditional withdrawal of Indian troops. "I am not an astrologer, so can not predict", he quipped, when asked when he foresaw a resolution to the faceoff.
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